Front cover imageKEY FACTS

Guided learning hours: 50-75
Pass marks: Refer:<50%; Pass: 50-64%; Merit: 65-79%; Distinction: 80%+

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What does the Primary STEP test?

  • About 400 words (the First STEP and Junior words plus 200 more) in familiar categories like jobs, feelings, weather
  • How to make questions and answers
  • How to say you can and can’t do things
  • How to say you’ve got things, like things, haven’t got things and don’t like things
  • How to say the time and describe when things happen
  • Understanding messages

What does the learner have to do in their Primary exam?

  • Read and choose answers
  • Match words
  • Fill in gaps
  • Write some words and phrases

Student performance indicators

  • Has a basic active vocabulary of about 300 words
  • Can tell the time
  • Can describe present actions, give personal and family information, describe habits, routines, and everyday activities
  • Can communicate when and how often an action or event takes place
  • Can form questions and negatives

 Grammar and structures list

Grammar and Structure

What are they used for?

Some examples

There is/ there are Identifying something/ someone There is a book on the table.
There are four girls in the kitchen.
Present simple Talking about habits, routines, facts (Such as where a person lives), the actions of everyday life My uncle lives in a small house.
She is thirteen years old.
I always take the bus to school
The present simple with the verb 'like' + 'ing' in the third person singular and plural Describing what people or animals like doing

My cat likes sleeping in the garden.
My brothers like playing football in the park.

Present continuous Talking about the present actions My brothers are playing football in the park at the moment.
Interrogative forms of the above two tenses Asking and answering questions about the above

Do they often go to the cinema?
Do you have/ Have you got a computer?
Are the children doing their homework?
Is she eating her breakfast at the moment?

Negative forms of the above two tenses Making the above negative Sure doesn't like dogs.
John isn't studying now, he is talking on the phone.
The modal 'can' Describing an ability or skill

He can play the guitar.
They can cook. 

All personal pronouns as subject or object - I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them Describing and identifying people, animals and objects

Do you want my father?
He is in the garden.

John is with him.

Demonstrative pronouns - this, these, that, those Asking for, and giving information These are tables.
That family is rich
Is this a kettle?
because, and, or, but Linking sentence parts and ideas John and Mary are in the garden because it is sunny.
What, Who, Where, When, Why, How many Asking questions about people, animals and objects

What is this?
Who is that girl?
Where are Peter and Paul?

Adverbs of time - today, now, at the moment
Adverbs of frequency - always, never, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week, every month
Describing when and how often someone does something or something happens. Discriminating between the present continuous and the present simple

I usually eat an egg for breakfast.
At the moment, John is playing in the park.

in, on, at, to Talking about time, place, position The examination finishes at 4 pm.
My brother is 10 years old in August.
I am going to Disney World on 1st August.