Front cover imageKEY FACTS

Guided learning hours: 50-75
Pass marks: Refer:<50%; Pass: 50-64%; Merit: 65-79%; Distinction: 80%+

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What does the Primary STEP test?

  • About 400 words (the First STEP and Junior words plus 200 more) in familiar categories like jobs, feelings, weather
  • How to make questions and answers
  • How to say you can and can’t do things
  • How to say you’ve got things, like things, haven’t got things and don’t like things
  • How to say the time and describe when things happen
  • Understanding messages

What does the learner have to do in their Primary exam?

  • Read and choose answers
  • Match words
  • Fill in gaps
  • Write some words and phrases

Student performance indicators

  • Has a basic active vocabulary of about 300 words
  • Can tell the time
  • Can describe present actions, give personal and family information, describe habits, routines, and everyday activities
  • Can communicate when and how often an action or event takes place
  • Can form questions and negatives

 Grammar and structures list

Grammar and Structure

What are they used for?

Some examples

There is/ there are Identifying something/ someone There is a book on the table.
There are four girls in the kitchen.
Present simple Talking about habits, routines, facts (Such as where a person lives), the actions of everyday life My uncle lives in a small house.
She is thirteen years old.
I always take the bus to school
The present simple with the verb 'like' + 'ing' in the third person singular and plural Describing what people or animals like doing

My cat likes sleeping in the garden.
My brothers like playing football in the park.

Present continuous Talking about the present actions My brothers are playing football in the park at the moment.
Interrogative forms of the above two tenses Asking and answering questions about the above

Do they often go to the cinema?
Do you have/ Have you got a computer?
Are the children doing their homework?
Is she eating her breakfast at the moment?

Negative forms of the above two tenses Making the above negative Sure doesn't like dogs.
John isn't studying now, he is talking on the phone.
The modal 'can' Describing an ability or skill

He can play the guitar.
They can cook. 

All personal pronouns as subject or object - I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them Describing and identifying people, animals and objects

Do you want my father?
He is in the garden.

John is with him.

Demonstrative pronouns - this, these, that, those Asking for, and giving information These are tables.
That family is rich
Is this a kettle?
because, and, or, but Linking sentence parts and ideas John and Mary are in the garden because it is sunny.
What, Who, Where, When, Why, How many Asking questions about people, animals and objects

What is this?
Who is that girl?
Where are Peter and Paul?

Adverbs of time - today, now, at the moment
Adverbs of frequency - always, never, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week, every month
Describing when and how often someone does something or something happens. Discriminating between the present continuous and the present simple

I usually eat an egg for breakfast.
At the moment, John is playing in the park.

in, on, at, to Talking about time, place, position The examination finishes at 4 pm.
My brother is 10 years old in August.
I am going to Disney World on 1st August.
10.15 = ten fifteen or (a) quarter past ten Telling the time ten fifteen, twenty past one, half past ten, a quarter to two, eleven forty-five, etc.
simple nouns, including some common irregular ones.
Countable and uncountable nouns.
The names of common shapes.
Talking about numbers of things
Talking about amounts and quantities
Describing the shape of something

eg book-books, box-boxes, man-men, woman-women, child-children, party-parties
Can I have the butter? Can I have two sweets?
This is a square. That is a women.

The formulaic salutation of information writing in messages such as emails, postcards Written communication

love from

Word List



Clothes dress, shirt, T-shirt, trousers, skirt, boots, socks, trainers, hat, watch
jeans, jacket, tie, coat

Food, meals and drink cake, Ice-cream, biscuits, pizza, hamburger, hot-dog, omelette, steak, fish, salad, breakfast, lunch, dinner, milk, juice
bread, tea, coffee, water ,lemonade, egg, chicken, sandwich, sugar, ketchup, chips, cheese, sweets, butter

Birds penguin, parrot, duck
hen, chicken

Jobs teacher, doctor, farmer, secretary, businessman/woman, policeman/woman, shop assistant, in the army, student
School pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, book, desk, computer, blackboard, classroom, bag, friends
teacher, homework, work, test, exam, student, lesson

Transport helicopter, boat, bus, bicycle, car, train, aeroplane
taxi, bike, motor bicycle, motorbike, tractor, lorry (Brit), truck (Amer)


monkey, lion, bear, elephant, crocodile, cat, dog, snake, tiger, zebra, rabbit, mouse
fox, frog, spider, hippo, giraffe, horse, sheep, cow, pets


television, video, chair, table, house, cassette-player, bed, bath, clock, picture, vase, photo, radio, door, mat, window, floor, cupboard
mirror, sofa, armchair, shower, wardrobe


glass, plate, bowl, cup, knife, fork

Vegetables potato, tomato, carrot

Fruit pear, peach, apple, banana, orange, lemon
cherry, strawberry, melon

Fish dolphin, octopus, shark, whale, starfish, fish

Garden flower, tree, grass
Days of the week day, week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday

Months of the year January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, October, November, December
Sports football, tennis, swimming, basketball, volleyball
baseball, fishing, football match, tennis racket, running

Places park, garden, home, school, shop, house, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living room
zoo, farm, supermarket, office, cinema, cafe, restaurant, car park, flat, swimming pool, town centre, beach, sea, mountains, town, city, village, fields, country (e.g. England etc.), countryside

Musical instruments guitar, piano, drum
Toys ball, kite, castle, soldiers, paint, paintbrush, puppet, drum, gun
Weather sun, rain, wind, snow, hot, cold
Parts of the body hair, eyes, mouth, face, arms, legs, foot/feet, head, hands
Letters a-z
Cardinal numbers one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
twenty-one to sixty

Time expressions four fifteen, [a] quarter past/to four, half past four, ten past four, etc.
morning, evening, today

Exams letters, words, sentence, question, answer, story
Family members and people mother, father, brother, sister, baby, girl, boy, children
aunt, uncle, cousin, grandmother, grandfather, Mum, Dad, man, woman, friend

Shapes square, circle, triangle, rectangle
Miscellaneous film, newspaper, magazine, star, moon, thing


Size tall, short, big, small, favourite, best, little
Feelings happy, sad
Colours black, blue, green, yellow, white, orange, red, grey, brown, pink, purple
Age old, young, new
Other clever, nice, good
Modifiers Very
VERBS watch, play, listen, cook, wear, go ,red, write, eat, drink, sit, stand, have, has, us, are, am, live, work, walk, run, sleep, ride, drive, make, do, understand, want, like, can, swim, look, have/as got, get up, start, talk, buy, tell, clean, wash

a, an, the

PERSONAL PRONOUNS I, you, he, she, it, we, they
me, him, them, us

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES my, your, his, her, our, their
PREPOSITIONS in, under, behind, on, near, in front of, at, to, (by, about, for - may appear in certain expressions; not tested)
QUESTION WORDS What, When, Why, Where, Who, Whose
ADVERBS today, now, at the moment, never, always, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week
CONJUNCTIONS because, and, or, then, next
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS this, that, these, those